The particular effects of sanctions, as well as compliance issues – or lack thereof – of the FFP Regulations and EU competition law have already beenpreviewed in the previous texts. In this final installment discussion will turn to the possible consequences of Financial Fair Play for clubs competing in the Polish Ekstraklasa.
One of the most discussed topics among the sports lawyers currently is the disputed compliance of UEFA Financial Fair Play regulations and the EU competition law regime. UEFA claims that EU officials have approved the document, with competition commissioner Joaquin Almunia lending it his support. UEFA European Football Federation representatives have [...]
Towards the end of last year the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) has issued an important ruling in the case involving the Spanish football club Malaga CF. The defendant club has been found to have an unpaid tax in the amount exceeding €8 million. The Club Financial Control Body (CFCB) – UEFA’s [...]
A total anonymity and strict protection of patients’ data are measures of patient’s legal protection while taking part in clinical tests of medicines. Participation in such test is completely free for the patient. Moreover, she is entitled to reimbursement of the additional costs borne connected to the participation in the test. [...]
According to the Article 48i of the Polish Banking Law, a credit institution may conduct its operations in Poland via a branch office or through cross-border activities.
The credit institution shall mean an entity which meets the following requirements:
– its registered seat is placed outside the Republic of Poland, in [...]
Only such behaviour of a physician which is objectively contrary to the current standards of medical knowledge and practice shall be deemed as a medical error. “Ordinary negligence”, which resides in an incorrectly performed injection, replacement of a medication or its wrong formulation are oversights which, in civil law, are treated [...]